THE CURE OF THE NEUROBIOLOGICAL SICKNESS OF RELIGION
THE HELLENIC CIVILIZATION OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE,
CHARLEMAGNE'S LIE OF 794, AND HIS LIE TODAY
© John S. Romanides 
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John 17 is the par excellence prayer of Christ for the unity of His disciples and their disciples in the cure of the sickness of religion by means of their glorification by the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit which is the culmination of the purification and illumination of the centers of their personalities in their hearts. This prayer of the Lord of Glory has nothing whatsoever to do with divided Churches which have not the slightest inkling of the cure of glorification in question.
Most Christians, Jews and Moslems who live in or derive from the former territories of the Roman Empire have Roman ancestry. In contrast the Franco-Latin royalty and nobility came into the Roman Empire as conquerors of the West Romans whom they transformed into their serfs and villains and their middle class. The descendants of these conquerors are on the whole the royalties and nobilities of Europe. In other words those West Europeans who are not members of these royalties and nobilities are at least mostly Romans.
Most Arabs and Turks came into Roman territories as Moslem conquerors and also converted many Romans to Islam. Romans had no choice when Franco-Latin nobility and bishops were forced upon them and forcefully transformed them into their serfs and villains. This was part of the process of being converted to Frankish Christianity which forcefully took over the Roman Orthodox Church of Elder Rome and her Papacy between 1009 and 1046. In sharp contrast to this Franco-Latin treatment of Roman society, both Arab and Turkish conquerors did not transform Romans into their slaves. On the contrary they appointed the Roman clergy as leaders of Roman society which became a very important source of taxes. Of the five Roman Patriarchates of the Roman Empire, i.e. 1) Elder Rome, 2) Constantinople New Rome, 3) Alexandria, 4) Antioch and 5) Jerusalem, that of Elder Rome was now Frankish. Being Franco-Latin since 1046 the Papacy and its bishops continued to call themselves "Roman" Catholics. In this way they have been playing at being a "Roman" Papacy and Church since. During this time they reduced most of their conquered Romans to slavery and kept the free East Romans from Western view under the cover of names like "Greek" and "heretic." This means that the re-union of all the descendants of the Romans throughout Europe, Asia, Africa, North and South America, Australia and New Zealand in their ancient Roman identity and their Roman Orthodox Faith is the task before us. Let us take a careful look at the keys to this divine project.
This re-union of the Roman Orthodox world is at the same time each one's cure of the sickness of religion and is at the same time the power which will slam down the brakes on the happiness-mongering fiends who are destroying society and nature.
The keys to this study are the following: Key One, The primitive Greek Romans. Key Two, The Christian Romans. Key Three, The Struggle between Romans and Carolingian Franks. Key Four, the Biblical foundation of the cure of the neurobiological sickness of religion, especially based on 1 Cor. 12-15:11.
We will not deal with these parts in consecutive order. The reason for
this is that the vision of history of both the pagan Romans and Christian
Romans has been so adulterated by Franco-Latin propaganda that we are obliged
at times to mix these parts together.
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Let us contrast this Frankish nonsense with historical reality and the process by which Rome became the Empire of the whole Greek-speaking world. The primitive Greek Romans were the result of the union of the Greek-speaking tribes of Italy. These Greek tribes are the following: The Aborigines who came to the area of Rome from Achaia, Greece many generations before the Trojan War. These Aborigines had already accepted into their tribe what was left of the Greek Pelasgians of Italy who had been decimated by a mysterious sickness. These Aborigines united with some Trojans who migrated to their land and together they became the ancient Greek-speaking Latins whose capital was Alba Longa. A branch of these Greek-speaking Latins of Alba Longa, led by the brothers Romulus and Romus, founded Rome on the Palatine and Capitoline Hills. They were joined by some of the Greek Sabines of Italy who had been settled on the adjacent Quirinal Hill. The Sabines had migrated to Italy from Lacedaemonia in Southern Greece. The Romans continued the process of subduing and including the rest of the Greek Latins and Sabines into their political system. Some of the Danubian Celts entered Northern Italy and began pressing upon the Etruscans who turned to Rome for help. But these Celts overran the Roman forces who tried to stop them and drove down toward Rome and defeated the main Roman army in battle and entered Rome in 390 BC. They occupied the whole of the city except the steep Capitoline Hill. The Romans had placed there all of their youth, treasures and records. The older population remained in their homes. After receiving a substantial ransom of gold the Celts withdrew. In order to better protect themselves the Romans subdued the rest of Northern Italy. The Romans also incorporated into their dominion Italian Magna Graecia, Sicily, Sardinia and Corsica This was the extent of Roman territories in 218 BC. The Punic Wars under the leadership of Hamilcar and especially of Hannibal, became the biggest threat to Rome since the Celtic occupation. Hannibal invaded Italy itself with his famous elephants and with Macedon as an ally. Macedon had conquered Rome's traditional Greek allies. Rome went as far as Spain to uproot Punic strongholds there and finally conquered Carthage itself. The Romans had crossed over into Greece to protect her Greek friends from Macedon and ended up conquering the Macedonian Empire and incorporating it into the Roman Empire. Rome also came to the aid of her Galatian and Cappadocian allies by liberating them from King Mithridates VI of Pontus (121/120-63 BC). In this way the Mediterranean Sea became the central lake of the Roman Empire.
The first four Roman annalists wrote in Greek. They were Quintus Fabius Pictor, Lucius Cincius Alimentus, Gaius Acilius and Aulus Postumius Albinus.
As we will see, the first text in primitive Latin was the Code of the Twelve Tables promulgated in 450 BC solely for the plebs. The Greek gentis abided by their own secrete laws. This is why the tradition of Roman public laws in Latin resulted from the cooperation between the consuls of the gentis and the tribunes of the plebs. In time so many of the plebs had become fluent in Greek that they became part of the administration of the Greek-speaking provinces. Indeed, according to Cicero one of the first Romans who wrote in Latin prose was the Sabine Claudius, Appius Caecus who was consul in 307 and 296 BC. He delivered a speech in Latin to the Senate against making peace with Pyrrhus, the king of Macedon. The first historians who wrote in Latin were Porcius Cato (234-140 BC) and Lucius Cassius Hemina (circa 146 BC). So what language were the Romans speaking and writing before this except Greek?
All the above agree with each other on the general outline of Roman beginnings. The reason for this is that they based themselves on the official Roman sacred annals (hierais deltois) which the first historians simply repeated. In other words they were themselves annalists. However, little is preserved from these annals except as repeated in the Roman historians. But, not much of their works survive, or else may be hidden to facilitate Charlemagne's Lie. The danger of these histories is demonstrated by the use of Cato during the French Revolution. The Gallo-Romans realized from him that Romans and Greeks are basically the same people. In spite of this only fragments of Cato are publicly known. But since Dionysius of Halicarnassus used the same annals as the aforementioned Roman historians one must use Dionysius to reconstruct these lost or hidden sources. Dionysius makes clear distinction between Greek historians who do not use Roman annals and the Roman historians (and himself) who do. The trick used by some historians, who want to efface the Greek foundations of Roman history, is to mix the hearsay Greek tradition about Rome and the three Roman variations on the tradition about the founding of Rome found in their own annals and then to heap ridicule on the mixture they themselves create.
Only a short, but accurate summary account of the foundation annals
are reported in Livy. Evidently this is so because he wrote his history
in Latin, whereas the annals were evidently in Greek. Those who wrote in
Greek simply copied what they read in Greek. It was the annalistic history
of Hemena which laid the foundations for writing Roman history in Latin.
Evidently, however, he and his imitators did not make full use of all the
Greek texts, like speeches, at their disposal. Whereas those who wrote
their histories in Greek simply copied the Greek texts directly from the
annals. Since the primitive Romans were Greeks why should the official
annals be in what we now call Latin. The primitive Latins and Romans were
a mixture of Greek Arcadians, Trojans, Pelasgians and Lacedaemonian Sabines.
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Luitprand writes, "We Lombards, Saxons (of Germany), Franks, Lotharingians, Bajoarians, Sueni, Burgundians, have so much contempt (for Romans and their emperors) that when we become enraged with our enemies, we pronounce no other insult except Roman (nisi Romani), this alone, i.e. the name of the Romans (hoc solo, id est Romanorum nomine) meaning: whatever is ignoble, avaricious, licentious, deceitful, and, indeed, whatever evil."
Here Luitprand knows very well that he is not writing to "Greeks" in the East, but to Romans in the East. However, this same Luitprand, like all Franco-Latins since 794, have been telling their West Roman "serfs" and "villains" that there are no Romans, nor Roman Emperors, in the East, but only a bunch of "Greek heretics."
This is the background of the 19th and 20th century Russian, British and French policies of converting the whole Western part of the Ottoman Empire, called Romania or Rumeli (i.e. Land of the Romans) into such nations as Hellenes, Serbians, Bulgarians, Rumanians, Albanians and even Slavic Macedonians. Is the partition of Cyprus between Turks and Romans (who began calling themselves Hellenes in order to unite with Hellas) part of this plan or maybe part of another plan?
All the above has been done in spite of the fact that the primitive
language of the ancient Romans was Greek, as we will see. The Russians,
French and British paid special attention to destroying the Greek language
which had been the language of unity among the Romans, not only in antiquity,
but in the Balkans also, by replacing it with survivals of local dialects.
The Franco-Latin nobilities of Britain and France, with the Russians tagging
along with their Panslavism, had to guarantee the complete disappearance
of the Roman nation according to the decision of Father Charlemagne.
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That religion is a sickness with a specific cure is known from the tradition
of the Old and New Testaments. However, that this sickness and cure exists
in the Bible is known only to those who know that it is there and know
how to use the Bible as a guide to said cure. For this reason the Bible
is a closed book to all others, even to most Jews and Christians
today. This means that Jews who accept the Old Testament alone, or Christians
who accept both the Old and the New Testament, yet are not in the process
of being cured under the guidance of one already cured, i.e. "glorified"
(1 Cor. 12:26), automatically and unknowingly distort these books into
supports for the sickness of religion, rather than its cure. Many such
students of the Bible become Fundamentalists and at times quite dangerous.
On the other hand the critical Biblical scholar, who uses whatever tools
he has at his disposal to understand the Bible, cannot complete his task
unless he knows the existence of the sickness of religion and its cure,
and indeed in a Bible which is supposed to be his specialty. This holds
especially true for those Orthodox 'scholars' who do not know that
an Old and New Testament term for theosis is glorification.
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1) That the very core of the Biblical tradition is that religion is a specific sickness with a specific cure. This is what the claim "there is no God except Yahweh" means. Not knowing this fundamental first key one cannot know the second key:
2) That there is a clear distinction between Biblical terms which denote that which is "uncreated" and that which is "created." Not knowing this context one cannot know the third key to Biblical terms:
3) That "it is impossible to express God and even more impossible to conceive Him." In other words there is no similarity whatsoever "between the created and the uncreated." Anyone who thinks that Biblical expressions convey concepts about God is sadly mistaken. When used correctly Biblical words and concepts lead one to purification and illumination of the heart which lead to glorification but are not themselves glorification. An integral and essential part of knowing these foregoing three keys is the fourth key:
4) That the cure of the sickness of religion involves at all stages "the transformation of selfish happiness-seeking love" into "the selfless love of one's own crucifixion which is glorification." This glorification, therefore, is not only that of the Lord of Glory Incarnate, "but also that of all prophets and apostles (sent ones) before and after the Incarnation of the Lord of Glory." These four keys become the fifth contextual key of cure.
5) That "the expressions about God in the Bible are not intended to convey concepts about God. They act only as means to guide one to the purification and illumination of the heart and finally to glorification by the Pre-Incarnate and Incarnate Lord (Yahweh) of Glory which is to see Him by means of His uncreated glory or rule" and "not by means of ephemeral created symbols and concepts about Him" as is the case in the Augustinian tradition.
In John 17, Christ prays for the cure of the glorification of His disciples
and their disciples, not for divided Churches — indeed not for traditions
which have not the slightest idea what the cure of glorification is.
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Augustine's writings found their way to parts of the West Roman provinces. St. John Cassian (circa 360-433), former ascetic in the deserts of Egypt and then deacon of the Patriarch of Constantinople St. John Chrysostom, challenged Augustine's teaching about original sin and pre-destination without mentioning him. The teachings of Augustine on these points were condemned by the Council of Orange in 529. Augustine's writings completely captured the 8th century Carolingian tradition which knew basically only Augustine until the 12th century. At that time the Franks acquired a translation of St. John of Damascus' "Book on the Orthodox Faith" which they simply understood within their own Augustinian categories. By the 11th century the Franks had taken over all of Western Europe, except Spain, by either conquest or diplomacy. The Spanish Romans under Arab rule were still under the direct surveillance of the Roman Emperor of Constantinople New Rome. The Umayad Arabs of Spain and the Abbasid Arabs of Damascus and then Baghdad called their Roman Orthodox subjects Melkites, i.e. those who belong to the religion of the Roman Emperor in New Rome Constantinople.
According to this Augustinian tradition God supposedly brings into existence creatures to be seen and heard and which He passes back into non-existence after their mission of conveying messages and visions has been accomplished. Higher than this revelation by means of such ephemeral creatures are, according to this tradition, the concepts which God supposedly injects directly into the human intellect.
Biblical scholars who either accept this tradition or believe that this is actually what the Bible is saying, unknowingly contribute to the concealment of both the sickness of religion and its cure and so the correct reading of the terms used in the Bible to denote the difference between what is "created" and "uncreated." What is worse, the adepts of such interpretations of the Bible think that the biblical writers themselves believe that God can be expressed with words and indeed conceived by the human intellect, not perfectly, but at least approximately.
In sharp contrast to this type of tradition is that of the Fathers of the Roman Ecumenical Councils. Only those prophets, apostles and fathers who have reached glorification, both before and after the Incarnation of the Lord of Glory, can know what glorification means and how to lead others to this cure and thus to the correct distinction between the created and the uncreated in the Bible.
Therefore, both fundamentalist and non-fundamentalist biblical scholars, who have been victims of Augustinian and Carolingian presuppositions, become prone to misunderstandings of what they read in the Bible, especially when terms and symbols denoting glorifications which produce prophets are alluded to. A classical example is 1 Cor. 12:26. Here St. Paul does not write, "If one is honored," but "If one is glorified," i.e. has become a prophet. To be glorified means that one has seen the Lord of Glory either before His incarnation or after, like Paul did on his way to Damascus to persecute the Incarnate Lord of Glory's followers. Another example is the phrase "kingdom of God" which makes it a creation of God instead of the uncreated ruling power of God. What is amazing is that the term "kingdom of God" appears not once in the original Greek of the New Testament. Not knowing that the "rule" or "reign of God" is the correct translation of the Greek "Basileia tou Theou," Vaticanians, Protestants and even many Orthodox today, do not see that the promise of Christ to his apostles in Mt.16:28, Lk. 9:27 and Mk. 9:1, i.e. that they will see God's ruling power, was fulfilled during the Transfiguration which immediately follows in the above three gospels. Here Peter, James and John see Christ as the Lord of Glory i.e. as the source of God's uncreated "glory" and "basileia" i.e. uncreated ruling power, denoted by the uncreated cloud or glory which appeared and covered the three of them during the Lord of Glory's Transfiguration. It was by means of His power of Glory that Christ, as the pre-incarnate Lord (Yahweh) of Glory, had delivered Israel from Its Egyptian slavery and lead It to freedom and the land of promise. The Greek text does not speak about the "Basileion (kingdom) of God," but about the "Basileia (rule or reign) of God," by means of His uncreated glory and power. At His Transfiguration Christ clearly revealed Himself to be the source of the uncreated Glory seen by Moses and Elijah during Old Testament times and who both are now present at the Transfiguration in order to testify to the three apostles that Christ is indeed the same Yahweh of Glory, now incarnate, Whom the two had seen in the historical past and had acted on behalf of Him.
The Vaticanians have, or used to have, a tradition of identifying their Church with the earthly kingdom established by Christ with the Franco-Latin Pope as the Vicar of Christ, Emperor and Bishop of Rome.
Neither Protestants nor Vaticanians know said four keys for reading the Bible. But what is worse, many of them allow themselves to look upon others as either among God's chosen ones (like themselves), or else not chosen and therefore destined to hell since all have supposedly inherited the guilt of Adam and Eve. Also, they continue with Augustine, that a certain number of those who have inherited the guilt of Adam and Eve are, like themselves, among the ones chosen by God for salvation without any merit of their own. God chooses them, in spite of their inherited guilt, to replace that number of angels which had fallen. Because of this paganism, Franco-Latin Christianity was destined to lose ground before the onslaught of modern science and democracy. Chosen ones can never be part of a democracy.
Augustinian Christians, both Vaticanians and Protestants, are literally unbalanced humans, and had been indeed very dangerous up to the French Revolution and are potentially still quite dangerous. They were never capable of understanding that God loves equally both those who are going to hell and those who are going to heaven. God loves even the Devil as much as He loves the saint. "God is the savior of all humans, indeed of the faithful" (1 Tim. 4:10). In other words hell is a form of salvation although the lowest form of it. God loves the Devil and his collaborators but destroys their work by allowing them to remain inoperative in their final "actus purus happiness" like the God of Thomas Aquinas.
The question at hand is not, therefore, whom God loves and saves. God
loves all and God saves all. Even human doctors are morally obliged to
cure all patients regardless of who and what they are. From this viewpoint
hell is indeed salvation, but the lowest form of it. One either chooses
or one does not choose to be cured from the short-circuit which makes one
religious. The one who chooses cure exercises himself like an athlete who
follows the Lord of Glory's directions for purifying his heart. "Blessed
are the pure in heart for they shall see God." One cooperates with Christ
in the purification of one's heart and in acquiring the illumination of
the unceasing prayer in the heart. This allows love to do away with self-centeredness
and selfishness, but at the same time increases one's dedication to destroying
the work of the Devil. When God sees that one is ready to follow the cure
which will make him selfless He guides him into the courtyard of glorification
and takes him from being a child to manhood, i.e. prophethood (1 Cor. 13:11).
One begins with sick love concerned with one's own salvation and graduates
into selfless Love which, like Saint Paul, would forego one's own salvation
for that of others. In other words one either
chooses cure or refuses cure. Christ is the Doctor who cures all His patients
to that degree of cure they accept, even that of hell.
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What is sick is the "spirit of man" in the heart which in the early Christian tradition came to be called the noetic faculty, not to be identified with the intellectual faculty of the Hellenic tradition whose center is in the brain. In its cured state within the heart the noetic faculty allows the brain to function without fantasies of which religion and criminality are by-products. In this cured state the noetic faculty prays without ceasing while the brain goes about its normal chores. This unceasing prayer of the noetic faculty keeps the short-circuit between the brain and the heart in repair without impairing the imagination now free from fantasies which are the main tools by which what is called the "devil" makes his slaves. Thus we have "noetic prayer" in the heart and "intellectual prayer" in the brain which is the foundation of the prophetic tradition of both the Old and New Testament. This was the center of the apostolic Church which became the Orthodox Christianity of the Roman Empire.
This tradition of cure survived in Orthodox monasticism quite strongly within the Ottoman Empire. It was only during the drive of the Empires of Russia, Francia and Britain for the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire that they obliged the Orthodox States they created from its ruins to accept the reforms of Peter the Great as one of the essential conditions for gaining their support. In other words, without realizing it, these three Empires concentrated their attack on the cure of the sickness of religion, whose center had for centuries been Orthodox monasticism. This was replaced by a so-called Westernization, which had been accomplished in Russia, which simply meant that Orthodoxy was being condemned to becoming a religion like Vaticanism and Protestantism.
The clearest New Testament outline of this cure of the sickness of religion is to be found in St. Paul 1 Cor. 12-15:11. Here we have the key to his epistles which become clear only within this context. St. Paul was a Pharisee who stemmed from the same tradition as the Hasidim whereas Christ and His apostles evidently belonged to a parallel tradition with the same Old Testament foundations which makes the New Testament intelligible.
We call religion a neurobiological sickness since it stems from a short-circuit between the nervous system centered in the heart, which circulates the spinal fluid, and the blood system centered in the heart which pumps blood throughout the body, including the nervous system. The cure of this sickness of religion is accomplished by repairing said short-circuit between the two hearts which pump blood and spinal fluid which allows them to function normally. In this normal state the various fantasies, religious and otherwise, produced by said short-circuit between the brain and the heart disappear and with them one's fantasies also disappear, including that of religion. The Bible calls this neurological energy the spirit of man which the Fathers came to call the noetic energy.
What is especially interesting is the fact that both religion and criminality stem from the same short- circuit and its fantasies. When being cured one believes either that which he himself sees and which certain others see, only on the condition that they train their charges to see for themselves. The method of cure is like seeing for oneself what specialists are trained to see by means of instruments what cannot be seen by the naked eye, not only in the next life, but especially in this life. The Bible calls this glorification. "When one is glorified the rest rejoice" (1Cor. 12:26) because he has become a prophet who has seen and participated in the uncreated glory of God which has no similarity whatsoever with anything created. This is why a prophet can guide others to the cure of glorification, but cannot describe the uncreated experienced in glorification. The basis for this restoration of normalcy is that the one who sees has himself been restored to normalcy which is to see the uncreated force which creates and governs all of creation. The one cured actually sees above normal seeing from time to time seeing the glory and rule of the Creator. When not in the state of seeing the short circuit in question is kept under repair by the unceasing prayer in the heart while the brain functions normally. The Old and New Testaments call this force the 'glory' and 'reign' of God which is "everywhere present dividing itself without division and saturating all creation." Also those who have seen it and guide others to the cure of their short-circuit are the prophets both before Pentecost and after Pentecost.
Although not having access to today's electronic microscopes these prophets experienced the fact that there is no similarity whatsoever between the Creator's glory and reign and His creation. Although this is true for the natural human faculties, there is some similarity of this Glory's manifestation, as a simple energy which divides itself without division and is present everywhere, to the way cells divide themselves and multiply in biological beings when seen by the electronic microscope. The real difference is that God's creating glory and reign does not change or die nor is it composed of matter. In any case the Platonic idea that material and spiritual forms are copies of immutable and immaterial forms were correctly rejected by all those who had had an experience of the Glory of God.
We recall the Four Keys described above. Within their context there are two general types of terms in the Bible: 1) Those terms which apply to the uncreated and cannot be conceived by comparison with one's experience of created reality. Such terms are "God," "Lord (Yahweh)," "Spirit of God," "Father," "Logos," "Messenger of God Who calls Himself God," "Messenger of Great Council," "Son of God," "King of Glory," "rule or reign of God," "Glory of God," etc.: and 2) those which represent created reality and which are understood as such. Terms denoting the uncreated are not to be understood within the context of what one may understand by comparing these terms with what one knows from created reality. The sole purpose of terms denoting the uncreated is to play the role of leading to the purification and the illumination of the heart and then to glorification during which said words and concepts are abolished and wherein only love remains (1Cor. 13:8).
Augustine never understood these two distinctions, nor the four keys
previously discussed. Franco-Latin Christianity and doctrine began its
first essay into theology and doctrine with the Palatine School
established by Charlemagne at the end of the 8th century. This school knew
only Augustine because its organizer the Saxon Alcuin (735-804)
evidently knew only Augustine thoroughly. Augustine was not a Father of
an Ecumenical Council, nor was he familiar with any Father of an Ecumenical
Council. One is given the impression that he was taught by Ambrose who
supposedly baptized him. However, the basic doctrinal differences between
Augustine and the Fathers of the Church are exactly the differences between
himself and Ambrose. Nor did Augustine
have the slightest idea of the keys by which Jews and the Orthodox Fathers
were interpreting the Bible. He simply knew not one Father of an Ecumenical
Council. This is exactly why Vaticanists and Protestants still do not understand
the theology of the Ecumenical Councils. When the Franco-Latins finally
became familiar with the texts of the Ecumenical Councils they simply enslaved
them to Augustinian categories. They had acquired the text of Dionysius
the Areopagite which was translated by John Scotus Eriugena which confused
them because of the translator's theology. It was only in the 12th century,
as we saw, that these Franks acquired a Latin translation of St. John of
Damascus' summary of the Patristic theology and doctrine of the Ecumenical
Councils, but as always until today, understood him within Augustinian
categories. Neither the Franco-Latin Papacy, established between 1009 and
1046, nor Augustinian Protestants, have ever been able to see these distinctions
in the Bible and so remained unaware of their existence. This means that
before the advent of modern Biblical criticism the Vaticanist and Protestant
understanding of Biblical inspiration was not much different from the Moslem
belief that the Koran is "uncreated." That of course has changed, but the
end result has remained the same.
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We have at least two societies which had been historically and to an important degree based on this cure of the sickness of religion. They are the prophets of the Old Testament accepted officially by the Jewish State and the apostles and prophets of the Old and New Testaments and the prophets since called Fathers of the Church as accepted officially by the Roman State. What divides them is the Incarnation of the Lord (Yahweh) of Glory. Both had accepted the OT prophets and some Jews and many Romans and other peoples accepted also Christ and the apostles within this context of the cure of this sickness of religion.
However, those Christians who followed heresies condemned by Roman Ecumenical Councils were in each case re-transforming the faith of the Bible into pagan forms of Christianity based on the sickness of religion instead of its cure. Perhaps the greatest of the pagan forms of Christianity is that of Augustine. His erroneous teachings about all of humanity being responsible for the sin of Adam and Eve and his doctrine of pre-destination based on his teaching about original sin and his psychopathic Platonic mysticism, had gone undetected in the East until the 15th century. But in Roman Gaul the Council of Orange (529) condemned his teaching about inherited sin and predestination. Finally, the Roman Ninth Ecumenical Council of 1341 in Constantinople also, but unknowingly, condemned some of Augustine's heresies. His other heresies were never known nor understood in the East. Indeed, the said Ninth Ecumenical Council in Constantinople (1341) condemned the heresies of Barlaam the Calabrian about revelation and the purification and illumination of the heart and glorification not realizing that his teaching belonged to Augustine. Indeed the Fathers of the this Council claimed that the Devil inspired Barlaam to invent this new heresy.
What is of interest is the fact that in each case of the appearance of a specific heresy it was simply one more product of the sickness of religion. Perhaps the same is true of Judaism. It was on such grounds that the Fathers of the Church easily defeated heresies based on this sickness of religion. However, what is even more interesting is the fact that many Orthodox who have inherited the Orthodox form of Christianity of the Nine Roman Ecumenical Councils are at present in a state of confusion. This confusion began especially with the reforms of Peter the Great based on the deliberate Westernization of the Russian Church which was in reality its Augustinianization.
These Russian reforms became the key by which Emperor Alexander I of the Russian Empire and Napoleon I of the Frankish Empire, joined a bit later by the British Empire, began their policies of breaking up the unity of the Roman Orthodox Christians within the Ottoman Empire. They attacked the common language of the Roman Orthodox, which since the time of the Ancient Romans had been Greek, by claiming that all who spoke Greek were not Romans, but "Greeks". This is the Charlemagnian Lie of 794 which was adopted by the Franco-Latin royalty and nobility which still guides not only European policies, but also that of Americans who have been enslaved by British historiography. At the same time these three powers used the various dialects which survived from older times to build linguistic enclaves which became Hellenes, Serbians, Bulgarians and Rumanians, to which they added Albanians and now even of all things Slavic Macedonians. This process called Balkanization began to be applied in 1821 and is still being applied. The very same principles were and are being applied to the whole Arab World.
This Westernization of Orthodoxy was imposed on all the Orthodox States which arose out of the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire. This began with the establishment of the State of Greece in 1827, followed by Bulgaria in 1878-79, Romania in 1879-1880, Serbia in 1882 and was completed in 1923 with the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire itself. Each case of the establishment of a State was accompanied by the foundation of a State Church. State Theological Schools were also established to make sure that the work of Peter the Great may take root and take over. Prior to this development the monasteries had been the training ground for producing leaders specialized in curing the sickness of religion. However, said theological faculties became the basis of transforming Orthodox Church leaders and theologians into victims of the sickness of religion who have been transforming the Orthodox Church into a religion.
Quite interesting is the fact that the Turks called the European part of their Ottoman Empire Rumeli, i.e. Land of the Romans. The reason for this is not only the fact that the Ottomans conquered what was left of the Roman Empire and her capital, but also because all Orthodox Christians within the Moslem world, from Spain to the Middle East, called themselves Roman Orthodox and were and are still called Roman Orthodox by the Arabs, Turks, Persians, etc. However, during the 18th century the Russians, the British and the French actively propagandized the Lie of Charlemagne that Romans who spoke the Greek language are not Romans, but "Greeks". In this way they finally succeeded in convincing, or conning, even the Neo-Hellenes, the Neo-Bulgarians, the Neo-Serbians, the Neo-Rumanians and then the Neo-Albanians and Neo-Macedonians, that the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople-New Rome is not Roman, but "Greek". This in spite of the fact that this Ecumenical Patriarchate never called nor calls itself "Greek", but only Roman in the Turkish and Greek languages.
In the light of this, even a casual reading of the Encyclopedia Britannica
will reveal with what hatred the Russians, French and British describe
the Phanariote Romans of Constantinople who helped the Ottomans to rule
Rumeli, i.e. the Balkans, as the hated and corrupt "Greeks."
But even till this day the Roman Orthodox of Turkey call themselves Romans
in both Turkish and Greek and are called Romans by the Turks. The magnitude
of the Charlemagnian Latin versus Greek Lie has been saturating Franco-Latin
history writing since 794 and must be dealt with accordingly, that is,
as an outright lie. One must begin by assuming that Franco-Latins
are experts at telling historical lies in order to carefully separate their
telling lies from their telling the truth. Much of Roman history writing
is still controlled by the Franco-Latin nobility who are still faithful
to their Father Charlemagne and his lies about the Roman Empire which are
still going strong in the non-existent fields of Byzantine history,
civilization, theology, etc. which are Roman and not Byzantine.
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We use the term Franco-Latins for the mostly Teutonic members of the medieval royalty and nobility of Western Europe who called themselves "Latins." We call them by this term "Franco-Latins" in order to distinguish them from the two groups of real Latins of Roman history. Not having the sources of Roman history available and wishing to cut off their conquered West Romans from the East Romans, the Franco-Latins, since the time of Charlemagne, were misled into believing and promoting the position that the early Latins or Romans were Latin speaking, a basic historical fallacy which everyone today accepts. All my writings have been taking for granted that the Romans had fallen so much in love with Hellenic Civilization that Rome itself saw the light of History speaking Greek. Therefore, I had placed the historical appearance of Rome as a Greek speaking city within this Carolingian Frankish understanding of Roman history, as a supposedly Latin speaking people who began speaking Greek also.
We repeat what we already said. The entourage of Charlemagne either
invented, or came to believe the tale that Emperor Constantine the Great
(306-337) moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Old Rome in Italy
to New Rome-Constantinople and thus supposedly and deliberately abandoned
the Latin language and nationality in favor of the Greek language and nationality.
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Roman sources of history eventually began to become available to these
Franco-Latin barbarians. Instead of correcting their misunderstandings
of Roman history, they became specialists at manipulating the Roman sources
in order to force them into obeying Charlemagne's Lie of 794. As we saw,
Constantine the Great and his successors had supposedly abandoned the Latin
language and nationality in order to speak Greek and become Greeks.
According to the Cambridge Medieval History vol. IV, Part I, 1967, p. 776,
Constantine the Great was a Roman Emperor between 306 and 324 and a "Byzantine
Emperor" between 324 and 337. True to 'noble'
British tradition Part I and II of Vol. IV are now called the "Byzantine
Empire." Both these volumes publish J. B. Bury's Introduction to the original
volume IV published in 1923. Bury there writes that "We have, however,
tampered with the correct name, which is simply 'Roman Empire,' by adding
'Eastern,' etc. The historian Finlay put the question in a rather awkward
way by asking, "When did the Roman Empire change into the Byzantine? The
answer is that it did not change into any other Empire than itself." In
spite of these words of J. B. Bury, the new two volumes IV, which replaced
his single volume, "The East Roman Empire," are called the "Byzantine Empire"
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So the French text of the Protocol in question reads as follows: "It is well understood that the following are now understood to be 'Hellenes:' 1) The 'Greeks', and 2) The 'Hellenes'. Here are the two terms which reflect the problem which had to be solved. The Turkish translation of the two terms are clear. The Greeks are in Turkish called Romans-Rumlar and the Hellenes are in Turkish called Hellenes-Younanlar. However, this is not the essence of the problem. In order to secure the support from these three Empires, who simply wanted to divide and conquer, the Romans had to not only call themselves Hellenes, but they had to pass a law that the Hellenic Revolution was not only a liberation from the Ottoman Empire, but also a liberation from the now fallen Roman Empire which the British, French and Russians began calling the Byzantine Empire. This is why the Carolingian Greek Empire which came into the existence in the Frankish imagination in 794, had to become now the Byzantine Empire. Why? Because to say that "Hellenes" were liberated from "Greeks" would have caused even jackasses to burst out laughing!
During the celebration of Greek Independence Day on March 25 the BBC tried to pass off the position that the Turks had liberated the Hellenes from the Byzantines. But it backfired. I reported this in one of my books.
Even Arab sources are being contaminated by an invasion of the term
"Byzantine" as the translation of the Arab name for Roman which is Rum.
Charles Issawi, Professor of Political Science in the American University
of Beirut, translated and published in his book "An Arab Philosophy of
History," Selections from the Prolegomena of Ibn Khaldun of Tunis (1332-1406).
Here he translates the Arab term for "Roman" which is "Rum"
into English by the term "Roman" up to the death of Roman Emperor
Heraclius in 641. He then translates the same name "Rum" with the
term "Byzantine" for the rest of Khaldun's Book.
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The following are reported by the Roman historian Livy in his Ab Urbe Condita, i.e. "From the Founding of the City" and by the Greek historian Dionysius of Halicarnassus in his "Roman Antiquities." Both report the ancient Roman tradition that the first Latins resulted from a union between the Greek-speaking tribe of Italy called Aborigines and the Greek-speaking Trojan refugees from the Trojan War. These Aborigines lived in Western Italy in the area South of the mouth of the Tiber river and were early dwellers on the site of Rome. They had been there many generations before the Trojan War. At the time of the arrival of the Trojans under Aeneas the king of the Aborigines was Latinus. The Trojans had landed on the shores of the land of the Aborigines in search for a homeland. These two Greek tribes decided to become one people by consummating a marriage between King Latinus's daughter Lavinia and Aeneas. The two tribes decided to call themselves Latins. The Aborigines had originated from Achaia, Southern Greece, and the Trojans of Aeneas had come from Illium, Asia Minor. The Trojans of Aeneas and Antenor had gotten permission from the Achaian conquerors of Troy to find a homeland elsewhere. The lives of Aeneas and Antenor and their peoples had been spared because they were against the war with the Greeks. Thus the Trojans headed by Aeneas and Antenor left Asia Minor in search of a new home. The Trojans under Aeneas ended up in Western Italy South of the Tiber and the Trojans under Antenor ended up in Eastern Italy at the mouth of the Po river. When leaving Asia Minor Antenor's Trojans were accompanied by the Eneti who settled with some of Antenor's Trojans in the area they called Enetia in Greek and Latin and which the Italians call Venetia.
These two keys to Roman history, that of the Aborigines and that of the Trojans, are contested by all historians whose orientation to history was and still is shaped by Great Father Charlegmane (768-814). He was not only an ignorant barbarian himself, but his entourage and his successors for many centuries were no better. The reader may study their successors to see for himself if they are today any better.
First we must describe the Carolingian Frankish misunderstanding of Roman history and then the motives why the errors of this misunderstanding are still perpetuated. The only way that Orthodox Christians may realize the background and context of their situation is to understand the falsification of their past history by the Franco-Latins. Before 794 the Franks called our Empire Imperium Romanum. In 794 this very same Empire became "Imperium Grecorum." Then in the 19th and 20th century this very same Empire became a so-called "Byzantine Empire." Why? In 1453 it was the Roman Empire which fell to the Ottoman Turks and not a Greek or Byzantine Empire, as pointed out clearly by Edward Gibbon and J. G. Bury.
At the time of Charlemagne's rule all free West Roman Orthodox, including even the Irish, were still praying for their Imperium Romanum whose capital was Constantinople-New Rome. In 794, in order to stop these prayers, Charlemagne initiated the practice within his own territories of restricting the name Imperium Romanum only to the recently established Papal States by calling the free part of the Imperium Romanum in Southern Italy to the borders of Persia the heretical "Imperium Grecorum" whose real Emperor of the Romans became in the Frankish fiction the "Imperator Grecorum." Evidently his barbarian mind believed that these prayers for the Imperium Romanum became efficacious only for the Papal States still called Romania and now incorporated into his Francia. This became especially so when he coerced Pope Leo III (785-816) to crown him "Emperor" in exchange for exonerating him from certain accusations. However, Pope Leo crowned him "Emperor of the Romans." But Charlemagne never used the "of the Romans" part of this title since his Roman subjects were not Franks, i.e. Free (Franchised), and also because he wanted his title to be accepted by the real Roman Emperor in the East.
In spite of the availability of more than enough ancient Roman sources to correct the above series of inaccuracies, there is still a well organized conspiracy against the restoration of historical truth in these matters. One would think that the sources themselves would be allowed to speak for themselves to let the students of history decide for themselves. But instead, these sources are carefully manipulated by those who fear what? a reunion of all those who have a Roman background into using their overwhelming numbers politically?
It is obvious that the overwhelming numbers of those who are neither members of Franco-Latin royalties and nobilities nor Moslems living within the former territories of the Roman Empire are mostly descendants of former Roman citizens who were enslaved by Teutonic, Arab, Slavic and Turkish conquerors. Those Romans who became Moslems became either Arabs or Turks and were integrated into the Arab and Turkish tribes and nations. The Romans who remained Orthodox Christians in Islamic territories were not only protected by Islamic Law, but were officially called Melkites Rum (Romans), i.e. Romans who belong to the religion of the Roman Emperor in New Rome. The Moslems never considered the Roman Orthodox among them as members of the Franco-Latin Pope's religion which Moslems still call Francji.
However, those Romans who were conquered by the Teutonic nations were reduced to slavery and became the "serfs" and "villains" of Franco-Latin Feudalism. Within this system of slavery the serfs and villains did not have a king or emperor. What they had were Franco-Latin owners who were members of Franco-Latin royalties and nobilities under the religious jurisdiction of Franco-Latin Popes. This system was perfected after the process of expelling the real Roman Popes (begun in 983) was completed in 1046. If the reader wishes to see a perfect example of Franco-Latin forgery of history he should turn to the very large chapter on the history of the Papacy in the Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1957, to the three sections entitled "The Franks , the 'Donation' and Coronation," (pp. 203-204), "The 9th Century" (pp. 204-205) and "The Popes and the Emperors, 918-1073" (pp. 205-206) and compare them with this writer's "Franks, Romans, Feudalism, and Doctrine" pp. 14-29. In the Brittanica article there is not one word about the fact that the Germans were getting rid of Roman Popes by "smearing" them and replacing them with Franco-Latin "saints," nor the reason why.
The reason for this continuing distortion of Roman history is the fact that ancient and medieval histories of Europe had become the special domain of the Franco-Latin Universities which still continue to distort the sources of Roman history through implementing the lies of Charlemagne and Emperor Ludovicus II (855-875) in 871. As these Franco-Latin centers of research, like Oxford and Cambridge, became aware of the sources of Roman history they simply resorted to ridiculing them as products of a "Greek" desire for making everything Greek. But there is a big difference between the sources themselves which are simply there because inherited from the past and the deliberate falsification of these sources in order to force them to repeat the historical dogmas-lies of Emperors Charlemagne and Ludovicus II.
[ Part 1 ] - [ Part 2 ] - [ Part 3 ] - [ Part 4 ]
| HOMEPAGE |[ CONTENTS ]
Return [2.] Lecture delivered at a conference in Dalton, GA. hosted by the Glorious Ascension Monastery, Resaca, Georgia, USA, May 25, 1997. It was read for me by Father Christodoulos of the Cathedral of St. Markella, Astoria, NY; It was also delivered at a conference hosted by St. Demetrius Orthodox Church, Seattle, Washington May 31, 1997. There it was read by Patrick Bradford Barnes.
Return [3.] John S. Romanides, "Franks, Romans, Feudalism and Doctrine," Holy Cross Orthodox Press 1981, p. 18.
Return [4.] "But the most learned of Roman historians, among who is Porcius Cato, who compiled with the greatest care the genealogies of the Italian cities, Gaius Semporonis and many others, say they are Greeks, part of those who once dwelt in Achaia, and migrated many generations before the Trojan war." as quoted by Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Roman Antiquities, I, XI. It is in the light of this that we read Livy's remarks about the Aborigines in his "From the Founding of the City," I, 5-II, 6.
Return [5.] Dionysius, Ibid I, xvii-xxx, 5.
Return [6.] Plutarch's Lives, Romulus, XVI "Now the Sabines were a numerous and war like people, and dwelt in unwalled villages, thinking that it behooved them, since they were Lacedaemonian colonists, to be bold and fearless."
Return [7.] Diosysius of Halicarnassus, RA I.LXXIII, 1. These "hierais deltois" are usually understood to be the annales maximi kept each year by the Pontifex Maximus. The foundation narratives about Rome's beginnings do not vary substantially from the final tradition. The names involved in the final Roman foundation tradition are basically the same as in the earliest 3 traditions. 1) "Some of these say that Romulus and Romos, the founders of Rome , were the sons of Aeneas, 2) others say that they were the sons of a daughter of Aeneas, without going on to determine who was the father; they were delivered as hostages to Latinus, the king of the Aborigines, when the treaty as made between the inhabitants and the new comers, and that Latinus, after giving them a kindly welcome, not only did them many other offices, but, upon dying without male issue, left them his successors to some part of his kingdom. 3) Others say that after the death of Aeneas, Ascanius, having succeeded to the entire sovereignty of the Latins, divided both the country and the forces into three parts, two of which he gave to his brothers, Romulus and Romos. He himself, they say, built Alba Longa; Romos built cities which he named Capua, after Capys, his great-grandfather, Anchisa, after his grandfather Anchises, Aeneia (which was afterwards called Janiculum), after his father, and Rome after himself. This last city was for some time deserted, but upon the arrival of an other colony, which the Albans sent out under leadership Romulus and Romos, it received again its ancient name."
Return [8.] Just quoted.
Return [9.] During a dialogue between Orthodox Christians and Jews in Bucharest, Rumania in 1979, the Jewish scholars revealed the fact that the purification and illumination of the heart and glorification is still the practice of the Hasidim Jews.
Return [10.] John S. Romanides, Franks Romans and Feudalism, pp. 25-31.
Return [11.] Relatio de Legatione Constantinopolitana 12, Migne, P.L. 136, 815.
Return [12.] Including perhaps the majority of the Orthodox still under the influence of Peter the Great's so-called reforms and all the theological schools established to Westernize, i.e. Augustinianize, the Orthodox.
Return [13.] An example of this is the book of Professor George Mantzarides, "Theosis According to St. Gregory Palamas (in Greek and English)." Misled by this book, American Orthodox in dialogue with American Lutherans agreed that the teaching about theosis is mainly Patristic and not clearly a Biblical teaching.
Return [14.] St. Gregory the Theologian, Theological Orations, 2.4.
Return [15.] John S. Romanides, "Ancestral Sin," (in Greek) Athens 1957, p. 82, note 7 wherein St. Gregory Palamas explains how one cannot become reconciled to God without participating in the mystery of the Cross which operates in all who reach Glorification in both the Old and New Testaments till today.
Return [16.] Augustine's letter CLXXIV.
Return [17.] See his De Trinitate, Books II and III.
Return [18.] To which we will return to in part 30.
Return [19.] Being a Neo-Platonist, Augustine believed and practised the tradition whereby one becomes united to the uncreated universals in the essence of God when one's soul transcends his body and becomes united with these uncreated realities.
Return [20.] For a typical Augustinian misunderstanding of Mk 9:1ff see "Promise and Fulfillment, The Eschatological Message of Jesus," by W. G. Kummel, p 25-28, 44, 60 f., 66f., 88, 133, 142, 149.This so-called kingdom promised by Christ does not yet exist when He pronounces this promise, but will come into existence sometime in the future.
Return [21.] Summa Theologica, Prima Pars, De Deo Uno, q. 26.
Return [22.] Rom. 9:3. According to Thomas Aquinas, Paul had believed this before his baptism. Summa Theologica.
Return [23.] We will deal with this at length in some detail later.
Return [24.] John S. Romanides, "Franks, Roman, Feudalism and Doctrine," pp. 63-64.
Return [25.] According to Father Florovsky, Father Alexander Schmemann's book, "The Historical Road of Orthodoxy," is an example of history written from the viewpoint of Panslavism, which Father Florovsky attacked along with its daughter Slavophilism.
Return [26.] 4-316b;10-781a, 846c;19-638c,653d.
Return [27.] Perhaps the term Teutonic Latins would be an equivalent term. In this case the Anglo-Saxons were not Latins, but Romans when they were still praying for the Imperium Romanum and fighting in the Roman army of Constantinople-New Rome. Nor did the Anglo-Saxons who continued to fight the Norman invaders identify themselves with the Franco-Latin Papacy. This is why most of them today are neither Anglicans nor members of the Franco-Latin Papacy.
Return [28.] John S. Romanides, "Franks, Romans, Feudalism and Doctrine," Holy Cross Orthodox Press 1981, pp.14-18.
Return [29.] John S. Romanides, "Franks, Romans, Feudalism and Doctrine."
Return [30.] Vol. IV, Part I p. 776.
Return [31.] "Romanity, Romania, Roumeli," p. 28. One may find this position supported by Adamatius Koraes, the Father of Neo-Hellenism. See his "Salpisma Polemisterion."
Return [32.] We find him in Rome at the time Caesar had quelled the revolution and flourishing during the reign of Augustus.
Return [33.] Loeb Classical Library, RA, early history, 1 55-59, 91 f.; in Italy, 29, 43, 55, 59-69, 73-84, 91-99, 109, 143, 201, 307, 315 f., 373, 451, 2 217.
Return [34.] RA, II. 49, 2.
Return [35.] Of course, The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1959, vol. 17, 448-449.
Return [36.] AUC, 1, 9-13.
Return [37.] RA, Aborigines, origin of 1, 31-43, 307, 415; cities of, 43-49, 51-55, 61, 65 f., 515, 449, 451, 457; unite with Pelasgians, 55, 61-67, 69, 75, 83, 315, 451; early dwellers on site of Rome, 29, 99, 109. 125, 129, 305, 313 f.; under rule of Faunus, 101, 139, 141, 143; under Latinus, 143, 189f., 195-201, 209, 239-241; called Latins, 31, 143, 201.
Return [38.] Since this is not a Greek term it was evidently given to them by latter arrivals in the area.
Return [39.] Dionysius is not satisfied that the Aborigines came from Achaia. He tries to pinpoint that part of Southern Greece they must have come from. He concludes that they must have come from Arcadia.
Return [40.] The Eneti, according to Livy, AUC, I, 1, 2-3, "had been expelled from Paphlagonia in a revolution and were looking for a home and a leader — for they had lost their king, Pylaemenes, at Troy (Iliad, v. 576) #151; came to the inmost bay of the Adriatic. There, driving out the Euganei, who dwelt between the sea and the Alps, the Eneti and Trojans took possession of those lands. And in fact the place where they first landed is called Troy, and the district is therefore called Troia, while the people are called the Veneti."
Return [41.] George Every, "The Byzantine Patriarchate 451-1204," London 1947, p. 114.
Return [42.] John S. Romanides, Ibid pp. 14-18.
Return [43.] John S. Romanides, Ibid pp. 25-32.
Return [44.] Ibid.
Return [45.] Paris circa 1200 followed by Bologna, by Padua in 1222, Naples in 1224, Toulouse 1229, Oxford 1240 followed by Cambridge at the end of the same century and Salamanca and Seville in the following century.
Return [46.] John S. Romanides, Ibid, pp. 14ff.
Return [47.] Ibid., p. 18.
See e.g. The British historian M. Cary, "A History of Rome down to
the reign of Constantine" London 1962, pp. 34-36. Being a Roman whose parents
are Romans from the fortress town Arabissus in Cappadocia where Emperor
Maurice (582-602) was born and having a family name which speaks for itself,
"Son of Roman," and from the Ottoman Empire where all Orthodox Christians
are called "Roman Orthodox," I was puzzled and quite curious by such an
attitude. This was the basic book plus sources used by my professor of
Roman history at Harvard, Mason Hammond, the author of "The Augustan Principate"
(Harvard University Press, 1933). He was also a member of the three man
committee which handled my oral exams. One may have a detailed general
view of this negative approach to Greek language Roman sources in "The
Cambridge Ancient History," volumes VIII, Chapter X, "The Sources for the
Tradition of Early Roman History," by Prof. H. Stuart Jones of Oxford and
Wales, pp. 312-331 and Chapter XI, "The Founding of Rome," by Hugh Last
of Oxford, pp. 333-368.